GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF THE PHILIPPINES
GEOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
Emmanuel S. Bate and Armie Jean Perez
The country’s EIA system was introduced in the early 1970’s as a general approach for evaluating development projects. We have seen how it has transformed from basically a planning tool to a regulatory instrument during the last 20 years. With the increasing pressure to reconcile development and environmental protection, the EIA guidelines have been put through a series of revisions (DAO-21, DAO 11, DAO 96-37). Supposedly, to make it more responsive to current situation.
Unfortunately, the system was not improved in its entirety, but rather, improvement has been selective. We have seen how the social aspect of the EIA has been strengthened. Guidelines and processes for social acceptability have been instituted. The same should be done for the other components of the EIA system, such as the Geology Component. The strengthening of geology as part of the environmental permitting indeed came about, but sad to say, as a result of a tragedy. Is this the best that can be done?
This paper analyzes the existing guidelines, pertinent policies and relevant laws and regulations as they relate to geology and the EIA. Recommendations are put forward based on the outcome of this study.
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